We have compiled a list of frequently asked questions regarding the use of the
What type of pensions does Optimum Pensions offer?
The Real Lifetime Pension is offered in both deferred lifetime and immediate Pension form. We do not intend to offer fixed term pensions, which are in the nature of structured term deposits and are well served by conventional annuities.
Can Optimum Pensions offer a withdrawal period with immediate pensions?
Optimum is open to allowing a short cooling off period, but given our philosophy of offering a high performance pension, does not intend to offer a withdrawal period, as with some annuities in other countries, as this will reduce investment returns and increase complexity. Our view is that flexibility in ability to withdraw cash will derive from the portion of the person’s assets invested in their Account Based Pension. We consider the Real Lifetime Pension should be allowed to do what it does best; offer strong pension payments for life.
What is the expected Centrelink treatment during the deferral period and post deferral date?
The Centrelink treatment for deferred pensions has been clarified. During the deferral stage, only 60% of the investment will count toward the assets test. This will reduce to 30% after age 84. Once payment commences, 60% of the pension income will count towards the income test.
How is the Deferred pension taxed: during the deferral period?
The federal government has introduced laws to encourage more flexible retirement products that provide longevity risk. Taking effect from 1 July 2017, the government has extended the tax exemption on investment earnings in retirement phase (currently applicable to superannuation pensions) to other retirement products such as deferred lifetime annuities, and in-house pension products that super funds, or other financial organisations may want to offer.
Originally an ALP policy, the 2013 Liberal government announced that it would not go ahead with this proposed extension of concessional treatment to deferred lifetime annuities, but in 2016, the newly elected Liberal government reconsidered and extended it to self-annuitisation products as well. Source: SuperGuide – 25 January 2017
Can you commute part of the Deferred pension prior to the deferral date?
No, except in the cooling off period
What penalties (if any) are applicable if the money is withdrawn during the deferral period?
There is no penalty. We will offer a deferred lifetime pension with death benefit in the deferred period. We do not intend to allow voluntary withdrawal in respect of the deferred pension other than in the cooling off period. The member can meet their cash needs from the Account Based Pension.
Can the deferral date be altered after the Deferred pension has been entered into? If so are there costs or penalties?
We expect that in the case of the Deferred Lifetime Pension, offered with 100% death benefit, the deferral date can be altered during the death benefit period, with an administration charge. In the case of the Deferred Lifetime Pension without a death benefit, where the pensioner is enjoying mortality credits, a change in deferral period would be allowed but their pension factor would need to be adjusted to reflect the earlier age of commencement.
What is the shortest time between starting this deferred pension and deferral date?
Zero. An Immediate Pension can be thought of as having a deferral period of zero.
What age can members start making contribution/pay premiums into this Deferred pension?
We are open to discussing a multi-premium pre-retirement Deferred pension – which is an American concept. However, we expect the Deferred pension would be purchased at or near a member’s retirement by the accumulation of contributions (in the normal way) i.e. we don’t need to link specific contributions to the purchase of an Immediate or Deferred pension.
How is the Deferred pension taxed: during the deferral period? and after the deferral date?
We have modelled the Deferred pension to be offered in the pension phase and as such 0% tax would be payable.
Can the member change the investment option of their Deferred pension during the deferral period? Or after deferral date?
We offer flexibility to make changes in investment options during the whole life of the Pension; i.e. both in the deferral period and the post deferral period.
How are the funds supporting the Deferred pension invested after deferral date? Can this be member driven or is it more prescriptive?
The funds will be invested based on the member’s investment choice(s) after the deferral period – i.e. member driven – same as in the accumulation stage.
What modelling tools do you have available?
We have performed significant modelling and have developed models and calculators for planners and consumers to use. It is expected that customised versions of these would be rolled out as part of the implementation process.
Does this product sit within the existing Account Based Pension or sit alone as its own product?
The Real Lifetime Pension is a separate product to the Account Based Pension, but we expect both products will sit under a single member account. This will allow simplicity in reporting and also allow for the retiree to draw a fixed dollar pension
from the single member account, with Account Based Pension drawdowns being managed to achieve this. A pensioner might invest a percentage of his retirement benefit in:
- An Account Based Pension using (say) minimum drawdowns
- An Account Based Pension payable to the deferred pension start date
- A deferred pension starting at a future date
- An immediate Real Lifetime Pension.
With the percentages adding to 100%. The values of these products would
determine the amount of Age Pension payable.
Do the same minimum drawdown requirements exist for this product?
The Australian Government Actuary (AGA) hasn’t said that minimum drawdowns will be required for lifetime annuities or pensions as part of a CIPR – as the “minimum draw down” concept does not apply to lifetime annuities or pensions. However, the AGA is establishing tests to ensure that product providers give members “value for money”.
Will the Optimum Pensions products receive concessional treatment from Centrelink?
The RLP meets the definition of Lifetime income Streams in the amended SIS Regulations.
Who holds the FUM for immediate and deferred pensions?
The Fund would hold the FUM, which it can invest using its current investment management arrangements.
How does the payment of premiums work? Please elaborate.
Hannover Re provides mortality reinsurance to the pool. Premiums will be paid by the pool to Hannover Re on a regular basis (accrued each time a unit price is determined but paid monthly, quarterly or annually after allowing for the actual mortality experience).
Will this product impact the amount that is to be withdrawn from the Account Based Pension?
If the member wants to smooth their pension income, we consider that having the ABP work in sync with the Real Lifetime Pension will provide an attractive retirement solution, because the pensioner can set a required annual income (paid monthly or as frequently as they’d like) with the ABP drawdowns being varied to achieve this. However, the Real Lifetime Pension has no impact on the Minimum and Maximum limits for the ABP.